Geek Internet Terms

404 Error – Indicates a web page cannot be found and used by the search engines so that page name will not be indexed.

802.2 – An Ethernet frame format and also a standard.

10Base-2 – A thin wire coaxial Ethernet that carries data up to distance of 600 feet.

10Base-5 – A thick wire coaxial Ethernet that carries data up to distance of 1,500 feet.

10Base-T- A twisted pair Ethernet that carries data to a distance of 600 feet.

100Base-T – A twisted pair Ethernet that carries data at 100Mbps.

Active X – A set of technologies developed by Microsoft, that allows the deliver-ability of interactive media on the World Wide Web.  Active X also allows different programming language to deliver the usable content to web browsers.

Address Ba – The top bar in all World Wide Web browsers that gives the address of the currently viewed website generally in a white background.

Affiliate – Associated individuals, websites, etc. that are compensated through referrals to their services or products and/or whether purchases were made by customers.

Apache – An open source operating system that runs on servers and initially was responsible for the growth of the World Wide Web.

API – Application Programming Interface.

Applet –A smaller program that runs within a larger programming environment.

ASP- acronym for Active Server Page.

ASP.NET- the advancement of ASP that allows full functioning programming languages to build web applications easily.

ATM – An acronym for Asynchronous Transfer Mode.

Auto-responder – A program that allows automatic responses to emails or requests, such as ‘On Vacation’, ‘webpage unavailable’, etc.

Avatar – A computer user’s graphic representation of him or herself used in games, comment postings, forums, etc.

Backbone or backbone network – It refers to part of the main computer network that connects the various LAN’s and sub networks that can be physically connected from different places using different platforms if necessary.

Back-link – A link that directs a user to another site through text links, pictures, logos, etc.

Banner Ad – Banners that appear on web pages most often by the dimensions of 480×60 pixels that advertise products or services; when users click on these ads they are taken to the advertisers websites.

BCC – Acronym for Blind Carbon Copy.

Bit Torrent – A peer-2-peer program that has the ability to inject malware into downloads to unsuspecting users.

Blog – Internet term that is basically a diary posted on the internet; Weblog.

Bookmark – A place on a browser where users can easily find their information, services or products needed at a glance.

BGP ( Border Gateway Protoco l) – An internet term where a procedure informs other networks and communication devices that a communication path has changed and the instructions to follow the new path.

Bot – A program installed on a pc or networks (botnets) that is designed to receive instructions from others where executions may be simple or complicated such as distributed denial of services designed to prevent access to servers/websites.

Botnet – Bots that are potentially coordinated to attack, give instruction or serve up advertisements, programs or other instructions according to the authors or the ones in control.

Bounce – Emails may be bounced because of filled mailboxes.  Also other computer instructions may be bounced because the incoming recipient is not properly setup or ready to reaceive instruction(s).

Broadband – A large bandwidth that can be subdivided and shared by others in a fast manner.

Captcha – An interactive mode between human and machines where the human must inter a given code to ensure another robot, computer is not involved inserting the code.

CC- An acronym for Carbon copy; used in emails meaning a copy of the communication is sent to a third party.

Certification Authority (CA) – An authority that issues encrypted, digital certificates.  The purpose is for third parties to have a certain level of trust in the business that has paid for the encrypted certificate.

Client – An individual computer or program that accesses services on a server over the network or internet.

Cloud Computing – An internet term in which software, programming and data storage is maintained through the internet (cloud) and made available to others in remote locations.

Cookie – A small data file written to the system files that usually does not contain harmful material and can be easily deleated. The information may contain passwords, login, pages visited, registration, identification, shopping cart info, identification, etc.

CPA –  Cost Per Action, meaning clicks on advertisements.

CPL – Cost Per Lead.

CPM – Cost Per Thousand (not millions).

Cross Browser – The ability of webpages to be seen in a similar fashion using different browsers, such as Firefox, I.E., Safari, etc.

CSS  – Cascading Style Sheet.

CSV – Comma separated values, also known as “comma delimited”.

CTR (Click Through Rate) – Refers to how many times a link is clicked and taken to a new webpage or website.

Cyber Bullying Online or digital rude communication through emails, forums, text messaging, tweeting, etc. but is more often excessively rude or threatening behavior generally exhibited between known parties.

Cyber Cafe – A beverage cafe or restaurant that offers computer rental for free or at a small fee in order to access the internet.

Cyberspace – Refers to the cyber, digital world, involving digital phones, laptops, desktops and other digital devices that interconnect to networks.  It also has connotations, meanings, definitions, that does not have boundaries and expand like our universe and meanings that have equally hard to capture elements like our universe/space.

Cybersquatter  – Individuals, companies, entities, or others that buy popular names in the .com, .biz, .net and other top level domains that may bring high traffic and proceed to sit on those names in order to be paid to sell those name to legitimate businesses selling or doing business with those subject matters embedded within the .com name.

DHCP – Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol.

Dial-Up – An internet modem that connects to standard dial-up phone lines and connects to Internet Service Providers (ISP) that allows internet access.

Digital Certificate-  An online proof of identity that is given by a Certification Authority.

DNS – Domain Naming System or Domain Name Servers.

DNS Record–  An IP address for a domain.

Domain Name – Alphabetic names that refer to individuals, groups, organizations and others on the internet with extensions following such as .biz, .us, .com, .net and other country extensions included.

Domain Suffix –Known as Top Level Domain with extensions such as .MIL, .GOV, .ORG, .EDU, .NET, etc.  These domains also have country identifications and other suffixes are being created and considered as the internet expands.

FIOS – Fiber Optic Service.

Firewall – Firewalls are used mostly in home settings to guard against outside hackers and programs trying to gain access to personal information.

FTP – File Transfer Protocol.

Gateway – Gateways can be described by webmasters to attract visitors to certain pages or websites where technicians describe gateways as paths for information exchange.

HoneyPot- A trap designed to catch individuals or software that are trying to extract personal, confidential or proprietary data from individual computers or systems.

HTML – Hypertext Markup Language.

HTTP – Hypertext Transfer Protocol.

HTTPS – Hypertest Transfer Protocol Secure.

ICANN – International Corporation of Assigned Names and Numbers.

Icon – A small graphical representation of a thing, idea, person, company, etc; similar to a logo.

Internet Backbone – The main connections of the internet that are made up of interconnected academic, commercial, government and other high-capacity data routes that can provide redundant backup if parts become disconnected through core routers across multiple countries, continents and oceans.

Internet Slang Language – Particular words and memes that are related to the internet and digital communications.

InterNIC – Internet Network Information Center.

IP – Internet Protocol.

IP Address – Internet Protocol Address.

IRC – Internet Relay Chat.

ISCSI – Internet Small Computer Systems Interface.

ISDN –Integrated Services Digital Network.

JavaScript – A programming languages that allows users to interact with objects in client applications and other applications.

JSP – Java Server Page.

LAN – Local Area Network, generally meaning a network confined to one physical location but may be connecting to other LANs.

LFI  – Local File Inclusion used by hackers who browse transversely through the server directory.

Link – A hyperlink that allows a users to follow to another web page or more information on the same page or even different web site.

MAU – Media Attachment Unit.

Meme – An internet phenomenon.

Meta Search Engine – Search engines that aggregate their search results and presents them with their own algorithms.

Name Server – The servers that connect the domain names with the internet’s assigned numerical system to organize for public or private access.

NAT – Acronym for Network Address Translation.

Niche – Generically used is a specialized product, thought of minds, software, etc.

Online Data Storage – Data that is transmitted from single computers or networks and larger data centers to an independent server located offsite.

Packet – A small amount of information sent as a series of bytes, characters, or bits alone that compromise more packets giving small bits of readable information or large data sets or readable information.

Phishing  – The criminal attempt of trying to gather one’s personal information such as full name, address, birth dates, bank accounts, credit card information and any other personal data to use to defraud institutions.

PHP – Hypertext Preprocessor.

PIM – Personal Information Manager.

Ping – A tool to determine whether a host is reachable, through a sent signal, including how long the ping took and other valuable information.

POP3 – Post Office Protocol.

PPP – Point-to-Point Protocol.

PPPoE – Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet.

Protocol – A set of rules determining how computers will interact with each other and can understand the communications.

Proxy Server – [1] A physical server or program that acts to move data and requests from the original point to the destination masking the original destination or [2] or where a computer may be hijacked and surfing the net from a hidden server revealing all surfing habits, passwords, credit card info and other information on the victims computer.

RDP– Remote Desktop Protocol.

Router – A device that sends and receives data packets between computers, networks and/or internetworks.

SEO Poisoning – A method of delivering malware to users by taking “trending” subjects to the top of search results in order to land users and infe

SMS– Acronym for Short Message Service.

SMTP- Acronym for Simple Mail Transfer Protocol.

Spoofing – A general term where the perpetrator attempts to dupe the recipient into believing their hoax. This attack may happen via email spoofing, webpage spoofing and IP spoofing.

SSH – Acronym for Secure Shell.

SSL – Internet term for Secure Sockets Layer.

SQL Injection –  Inputting bad codes into Web forms to see if a backend database will react to the code.

TCP/IP- Acronym for Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol.

Telnet – An application that allows users through TCP/IP to log onto remote databases using a user name and accessing the database.

TraceRoute  – A tool that traces data packets for the originator to the remote destination with all the specific routes logged usually denoting time and location. or Twitter– a short messaging service, social networking service that allows users to communicate to the public and also via private chatting using only 140 characters for transmission.

UDP- Acronym for User Datagram Protocol.

Upload- Upload is to transfer a file on one computer to a remote location.

URI – Acronym for Uniform Resource Identifier.

URL- Acronym for Uniform Resource Locator.

VoIP- Acronym for Voice Over Internet Protocol.

VPN- Acronym for Virtual Private Network.

WAN- Acronym for Wide Area Network.

WebM– Royalty-free and open-source software offered by Google pertaining to streaming video over the web.

WHOIS- A way to query databases and identify websites registrants and other information the database may store such as traffic, number of servers changed, etc.

Wireless Networking- the ability of electronic devices to connect to a network and communicate.

WWW- Acronym for World Wide Web.

XHTML- Acronym for Extensible Hypertext Markup Language.